This PESTO analysis for shipping looks at the Political, Economic, Social and Technological context for the industry and the Operational implications for ship owners, over the time scale 2022 to 2050. Because of the long forecast horizon, most of its predictions are qualitative not quantitative.

The Key Transtions it discusses are:

Politics :  Deglobalisation

Economics : the Death of Monetarism

Society : Demographic Peak

Technology : Decarbonisation

Operations :  Connectivity

Five Tiers of Transition: A Shipping PESTO Analysis